This article is considered accurate for the current version of the game.
The different modes of transportation are suitable for different purposes, and together make it possible to build a dense network of public transportation across your city. The budget of each mode of transportation can be adjusted separately in the Economy menu. Public transport increases land value, and if correctly built reduce traffic congestion and providing citizens to theirs destinations. To make the education efficient, you need to provide public transportation to education buildings. Offices and universities are the most demanding buildings for public transport, industry the least demanding (supposing all workers are using their cars).
Traffic Manager in its last version shows the efficiency of the public transportation.
If traffic congestion is too important, the unmodded game will unspawn vehicles to reduce the congestion. This will also unspawn your goods from the city, causing problems for your commercial and industrial zones, and in the worst case denying fuel to your power plants and unspawning service vehicles.
BusCities: Skylines. Before one can set up bus routes a bus depot needs to be constructed. This is quite expensive (₡30,000); however, a single bus depot can spawn an unlimited amount of buses, so a single depot is sufficient for smaller cities. Larger cities may require more depots to avoid temporary localized congestion of empty buses en route to their first stops.
Also, an in-game day is not enough long to let buses reach their destination from only one bus depot, so you need more depots or the mod Rush Hour to let buses reach in time stops.
Bus stops are free to place; however, the maintenance cost of the bus system will be related to the number of buses in operation. The number of buses per line is primarily based on the line's length and can be modified to a limited extent by increasing or decreasing the bus system's budget. In the unmodded game, each bus has a capacity of 30 citizens.
Additionally, while you have the Bus Stop tool selected, you may:
- Remove a bus stop: right click.
- Relocate a bus stop: left click, drag, and drop.
To remove an entire bus line, find a bus from the line you want to delete, left click the bus, then click Modify Line, and in the next window click Delete Line, This can be done from either the normal city view, or whilst viewing the Transportation Info View. Citizens can be seen waiting at bus stops. Both unused and overcrowded bus stops are indications of a failure in the public transport system.
Buses can form cheap and effective transportation links, however care must be taken. Buses stopping may block traffic (especially with standard two lane roads), including other buses. While there are exceptions, bus lines should always return along the same path- lines that do not may force people to drive in one direction (as they cannot take a convenient bus route back). Bus stops should not be too close from a intersection — even a round-about — because they can block the lane, or even block the intersection while passengers board the bus. Also, if bus spawns are too close, the buses will not be efficient. To help with this problem, bus/taxi only roads and roads with bus/taxi only lanes were released in After Dark.After Dark added the Bus Station, which can do the same thing in less space. It allows cims to change from one bus route to another easily, or to change to a different mode of transport (metro, train, tram, etc.) if placed nearby.
- Buses start their journey at the bus Depot, and will head to its assigned route.
- Buses will spawn at the Depot Closest to the first stop on its route.
- A number of buses will spawn in relation to the number of stops on the route and the Budget set in the budget panel.
- When day and night budgets are set equally, e.g. 100% Day, 100% Night, all buses will remain on their route at all times.
- If the budget is set differently for day and night, e.g. 150% Day, 100% Night, half the buses on the route will physically return to their depot at night fall.
- In the Morning, all buses will return to their route.
- If only one bus depot is used, buses returning to shift can get stuck in traffic on the way to their assigned route, should the depot be on the other side of a large city. This may cause long delays and queues at bus stops for passengers.
Metro stations are much cheaper to place (₡15000) and maintain (₡240/week) than train stations, although the metro track itself is slightly more expensive. After placing metro stations and connecting them with tunnels, metro lines must be placed between stations by using the Metro Line Tool and clicking the stations in the desired order. Like other forms of public transportation, metro lines must form a closed loop, but metros, like trains and trams, can reverse their direction at a station. It is also possible to create multiple lines between different sets of stations. In the unmodded game, each metro train has a capacity of 180 citizens.
Metro stations can accommodate two trains at the same time if they are traveling in opposite directions. Direction is determined by the station order on a line. Connecting multiple metro loops through a common station with trains traveling in opposite directions can be an effective way to interchange passengers. Conversely, overlapping lines traveling in the same direction can cause metro congestion.
Generally speaking, a metro station will not handle more than 1 line passing through each platform without becoming congested — 2 lines can be used if 1 line per platform —. If the metro station is a terminus station (that is, the line ends and metro trains reverse out the way they came) then you should avoid having two lines terminating from the same direction, however if they terminate from opposite directions the lines will use both sides, eliminating congestion.
As with buses, metro lines should always come back on themselves, stopping at the same places (but going the other direction) so that people can return the way they came. When developing metro lines, which are generally more expensive (and thus require pretty high capacity) it is important to remember that citizens travel to and from work places (industrial, offices and retail), retail opportunities and recreational places (parks and monuments). As such lines that link together residential areas are generally less utilized.
Both types of train need tracks to run on. Tracks can be placed like roads, however trains cannot turn as easily as cars and the design of train junctions will need a different approach. Level crossings will occur when tracks and roads cross at ground level. Tracks can be elevated. As of Patch 1.1.0, tracks can be placed underground, however they cannot intersect with the metro system. One-way tracks were added in Patch 1.7.0 for free alongside the "Mass Transit" paid DLC. While bi-directional tracks consist of two tracks, one for each way, the one-way tracks consist of a single track.
Passenger trains and cargo trains can share the same tracks and even pass through the others' terminals on their routes.
Similar to roads, metro tracks, and monorail tracks, train tracks can have traffic congestion problems if too many trains are using the same rail line at the same time. When your track becomes too congested, cargo and passengers may fail to reach their destinations. You will therefore need to be careful when placing junctions on heavily used tracks, taking into account many of the same traffic considerations as with road intersections. A few steps can be taken to help avoid rail congestion. Separate lines can be made to accommodate freight and passenger trains, bypass lanes can be made around stations, and when building junctions, it is best to make it long enough for a full train (14 cells for passenger trains, 18 cells for cargo trains) to fit on so that if it is stopped, trains behind it going to a different location can pass unimpeded.
Passenger trains can also be used to move people around between interconnected train stations within the city. To do that, you need to create train lines similar to bus lines or metro lines. You can edit the train lines by selecting a train belonging to that line and clicking the Modify Line button on the info window. It is useful to give each line a different color. Like buses, passenger trains will be painted the same colors as the lines they service. In the unmodded game, each passenger train has a capacity of 240 citizens.
In the free patch that came out at the same time as the DLC Mass Transit, an option was added to allow one to set if a station can accept intercity trains, so one can decide if trains coming from outside the city stop at all stations or maybe some of them.
When goods come into the cargo terminal via the tracks, they will be taken out to their final destinations by a small fleet of cargo trucks. When cargo trucks bring goods into the cargo terminal, a cargo train will spawn to take those goods to their destination, be it the outside world or another cargo terminal that is closer to the destination. Cargo terminals are traditionally used to connect industrial zones to import and export materials and goods, and because they offer a service boost to the industrial zone. However, freight stations can be placed outside large commercial zones and be used to import finished goods and bypass other road systems.
Every time a cargo train arrives, a lot of trucks will leave the terminal. When facing in front of cargo train terminal, trucks will always enter the terminal on right side and exit on left side. To control flow, build a one-way road heading to the left. This will minimize the need of vehicles yielding to each other. Please note about the one-way road:
- Only one lane is useful to reach the terminal; the others don't have any purpose. Using a 6-lane one-way road will also cause some bugs from the AI;
- If the intersections of the one-way road are saturated, vehicles would not be able to reach the terminal, and will unspawn or serve no purpose;
- If the road of the terminal is saturated, vehicles would not be able to exit the terminal and thus the train might unspawn "with all its goods" inside the terminal
|Available only with the Snowfall DLC enabled.|
When you create a port, ships will automatically path to it. You don't need to create shipping routes yourself. However, the map needs to have some pre-existing ship paths that are reachable from the port.
Ships are unlocked when a city reaches the Capital City size milestone. Ships come in two forms: cruise ships and cargo ships, each of which will only visit their respective harbors. Both types of harbour are primarily for external connections (and can only be placed where such connections are available), however a city's citizens and internal freight traffic will occasionally make use of routes between ports.
Harbors create noise pollution and use a large amount of water and energy, and have very high cost.
Cruise shipstourists to your city. To unlock the harbor, you need to reach the capital city size.
Harbors cost ₡80,000 to build and ₡1,600 per week to maintain.
It is a good idea to place public transportation, such as bus stops, train stations, taxi stands, and metro stations, next to the passenger harbor to provide tourists easy access to public transportation. In the unmodded game, each passenger ship has a capacity of 100 passengers.
Cargo harbors cost ₡60,000 to build and ₡1,920 per week to maintain. Ensure that the cargo harbor is supported by an efficient road system since materials and goods will be flowing in and out. One tip is to place a freight station near the cargo harbor. Freight, like citizens, will take multiple forms of transportation to get to the final destination.
|Available only with the After Dark DLC enabled.|
|Available only with the Mass Transit DLC enabled.|
Ferries are small ships, and require the player to make lines for them similar to bus routes, which is something you cannot do for cruise ships.
Ferries require depots, where they can spawn from. For stops, they have the small "Ferry Stop", and the larger "Ferry Pier" and "Ferry and Bus Exchange Stop" which is a ferry-bus hub. Stops are very small and don’t have a lot of room for waiting passengers. Piers are larger and allow two ferries to dock at the same time. Ferry-bus hubs allow two ferries to dock at the same time, but they also have many bus platforms.
Ferries need also Pathways so they can find their way from stop to stop. Pathways are markers, functionally like roads for water, sort of watercourses. Many lines can use the same Pathways. The Depot also needs Pathway connections to lines, so ferries can find their way from the depot to the lines. Canals automatically have Pathways that are built with the canals. Ferries cannot carry citizen's cars.
Cyclingpolicies exist which can impact cycle usage in the city. Cycling is allowed on main roads and some types of road have dedicated cycle lanes to speed commuters to their destination. Cycle lanes can increases the number of cyclist, but deletes parking spaces, increases noise pollution and decreases land value. Cyclists can use sidewalks to travel, and increasing the number of cyclists in the city will both decreases car and public transport use, especially if the path is short.
Planeairport, airplanes will automatically path to it, you don't need to create any routes yourself. However, the map needs to have some pre-existing airplane paths that the airport will connect to. Also, airport are very difficult to place, because they need an absolutely flat land, and this land is very tall, especially for the international airport.
Each plane has a capacity of 200 passengers. Airports will bring tourists and business people to your city. Construction requires the metropolis milestone. Place public transportation lines, such as buses, metro stations, train stations, tram stops, and monorail stations, near your airport to help prevent tourists from using cars. The planes landing and taking off from the airport appear to be modeled on the real-life Airbus A380.
There are 2 types of airports. One is the normal airport, which has 3 gates (4 jetways) and a single runway. Its terminal is blue and has a curved shape. The second type is only available in the After Dark expansion and that is the International Airport; it has 2 runways and one big terminal with 8 gates. By default, it has a metro station inside of it. The International Airport increases greatly the number of tourists which travel to the city, by increasing the number of planes. Also, the metro station will increases greatly the use of public transportation compared to the classic airport.
|Available only with the After Dark DLC enabled.|
Taxi service consists of two buildings:
- A depot from which taxis start their work shift and to which they return at the end of their work shift
- A taxi stand where they await customer calls. They can also await at the taxi depot, but the depot is generally farther from the customer than the stand.
The taxi service allows tourists and citizens to order taxis to take them to their destination. Taxis do not use lines, they receive requests from tourists and citizens and travel automatically to pick the customers up. If a taxi does not have a new customer in line, it will go to the nearest taxi stand to wait for a call if there’s still work shift left. Taxis provides a good solutions for airports and railways. Taxis also do not need to park, which is useful when there is not parking spaces.
|Available only with the Mass Transit DLC enabled.|
Each blimp has a capacity of 35 passengers. You need to mark Pathways for the blimps to travel. Blimps fly from stop to stop and need a route to the Depot. Pathways are two-way, basically like virtual roads for Blimps. Stops need a road connection, but other than that, can freely be placed anywhere on the map. Depots need to be connected to roads as well, but can send vehicles to any line they have a Pathway connection with.
As an extra benefit, there is space on the sides of Blimps for advertisements. By default they show adverts from various companies, but if you wish to use the space to your city’s benefit, you can set a policy so that Blimps show educational posters. This boosts your city’s education facilities a little bit.
|Available only with the Mass Transit DLC enabled.|
Each monorail has a capacity of 180 passengers. For the monorail, you need to build stations. Monorails can be built on top of roads. A new avenue type has been added with monorail tracks going on top of the section between lanes. This avenue is just like a regular road, so that you can easily upgrade existing roads to use it. While the monorail has stand-alone stations that work just like stations for any other transport type, you can also place it on top of a road. The tracks also work without a road, so you can connect sections of stand-alone track and sections of track on top of an avenue.
|Available only with the Mass Transit DLC enabled.|
The Cable Cars are very useful on slopes, but can also be placed on level ground. They can be used to cross rivers or other bodies of water. There are two types of stops: end-of-line stops and stops where Cable Cars can pass through and continue to further stops. Pass through stops can also be used at the ends. Cable Cars lines are somewhat easier to set up than other types. Build the stops you want to have in the city and connect them with cables. When any two or more stops are connected, the line will start to operate automatically. All stops connected to each other are considered one line. Cables can go over roads and their height can be adjusted with PgUp and PgDown, just like roads. However the cables cannot pass over houses. Cables can be built on water, even so that the concrete bases of the pylons are standing in the water.
Cable Cars don’t have a huge capacity, but they run often, allowing a constant stream of passengers to be transported.
Citizens can use multiple modes of transport in order to get to their destination, so a common route can be split across more than one public transit line, either of the same or different types.
As an example, a citizen might walk to a bus stop, take the bus to a train station, take the train to get closer to their job, then take a bus the rest of the way there. A useful side-effect of this is that train stations can be placed in less densely populated areas as long as some other mode of transport can get your citizens there. A well-designed public transport system will make such transitions easy for your citizens. Pedestrian paths may be useful to provide quick routes for the walking segments of your citizens' journeys.
• Despite being the largest vehicle of all (in-game and in real life), ships (100 Passengers) have far less capacity than passenger trains (240 passengers) and even metro and monorail trains (180 passengers).
• Planes in-game is modelled after Airbus A380. In-game, it has 200 passengers, the typical capacity of medium-sized planes like Boeing 737 and Airbus A320. However, in real life, Airbus A380 is the largest passenger jet on Earth, with a typical capacity of 525 passengers and maximum of 853 passengers.
• A possible reason why ships and planes have less capacity (despite being physically larger) is due to the fact the number of citizens and tourists are scaled down compared to real life, there are far less tourists than citizens, and such vehicles are only used for inter-city transport, which is only used when tourists enter and leave the city, when new citizens move in, and when disgruntled citizens leave the city.
• A possible reason why metro trains, monorail trains, and passenger trains have relatively high capacity is because metro lines and monorail lines primarily serve as inner-city transport, and passenger train lines can serve the same purpose, provided they have a train line.
• Industry demands more mass cargo transit than passenger transit, which is why it is more important to have a cargo train terminal and cargo harbor nearby to industry than to residential or commercial zones.
• Harbors will always have pre-built two-lane roads on their entrance and cannot be modified. This is a problem on cargo harbors since trucks enter and leave in the same manner as in cargo train stations. To solve this, have an outgoing one-way road on the left side and incoming one way road on the right. It is therefore advisable not to place intersections on the harbor's road.
• Buses can operate point-to-point (a long bus line with only two stops, each located on either end of the line) to shuttle passengers in long distances faster (assuming roads are well designed). Preferably, the bus line should use highways to make the long-distance journey quick. An example would be the line stretches across the entire map and/or the stops are adjacent to the terminus metro/train/monorail stations or tram stops (where the ends of metro/train/tram/monorail lines end). This way, instead of riding metro/train/tram/monorail vehicles throughout the line (and stopping along the way), passengers can travel long distances non-stop, reducing travel times. Also, this frees up more space for passengers who will alight halfway down the line.
• Space Elevator is the monument that handles the bulk of inter-city transport. If city is attractive enough, the Space Elevator will be fully utilized by tourists and immigrants (or emigrants, if the city becomes hostile), sometimes even more so, than airports, harbors, and train stations.
• Custom public transport vehicles that are created with the Asset Editor or downloaded from the Steam Workshop can have more or less capacity than the vehicles founded in the unmodded game, depending on the vehicle. Some Steam Workshop modifications also exist that change the capacity of public transport vehicles.
• Custom train, monorail, and metro stations, as well as custom harbors and airports, can also be created with the Asset Editor or downloaded from the Steam Workshop. Most of the customized train stations, metro stations, harbors, and airports don't require any mods, although all of them require the default metro/train stations, harbors, or airports. Some of the custom train and metro stations require Steam Workshop modifications in order to work correctly, including train/metro/monorail stations where 2 or more lines intersect each other, elevated/ground level metro stations and metro depots (as elevated/ground level metro track and metro depots cannot be built without the use of modifications), and elevated or underground train stations (as train and monorail tracks placed underground cannot intersect with the metro system).
- Co_Karoliina Cities: Skylines - After Dark - Dev Diary 4: Commercial specializations